Formerly enslaved African Americans left Kentucky at the end of the of post-Civil War Reconstruction period to experience freedom in the “Promised Land” of Kansas. Nicodemus represents the involvement of African Americans in the westward expansion and settlement of the Great Plains. It is the oldest and only remaining Black settlement west of the Mississippi River. On a self-guided walking tour you can view the Five Historic Buildings, These buildings are physical expressions of the five pillars of the African American community—church, self-government, education, home, and business. Two are open and accessible to the public—the 1939 Township Hall, also the Visitor Center, and the A.M.E. Church foyer.